IRS Commissioner Daniel Werfel testifies before the House Small Business Committee on July 17, 2013.
James Lawler Duggan | Reuters
Only 2% of Americans earning more than $5 million a year faced an audit in 2019, down from 16% in 2010, according to a report from the Government Accountability Office.
The IRS in May said that Black Americans are significantly more likely to face an audit, confirming earlier findings from economists from Stanford University, the University of Michigan, the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the University of Chicago.
Findings show the earned income tax credit has contributed to this disparity and the IRS has been weighing policy changes to address the issue.
The IRS aims to curb correspondence audits for the earned income tax credit by helping taxpayers file more accurate returns upfront, which will “increase payment accuracy while reducing administrative burdens for the IRS and the tax filer,” according to the letter.
However, experts are still waiting for details about how these policy changes will be implemented.
Generally, refundable tax credits, such as the earned income tax credit, face more scrutiny because filers can still receive a refund without taxes owed.
More than 26 million low- and middle-income taxpayers received the earned income tax credit during tax year 2019, according to the National Taxpayer Advocate’s 2022 annual report to Congress. However, during fiscal year 2020, over $16 billion of the credit was improperly claimed, according to the report.
The reason for errors is the tax break’s complexity, which requires claimants to work and have a qualifying child, according to Janet Holtzblatt, a senior fellow at the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center.
“Defining care is a challenge,” she said.
For example, a child can have multiple caretakers throughout the year and it can be difficult to match the credit with the right caretaker.